Stock up the following items, but no need to over do it!!!
The first advice is to always use a swivel above the rig. The
"eggbeater" type of reel is the most common and easiest to use, as long
there is a swivel to release the twist imparted every time the line is
cast and retrieved. Beginners will have no end of trouble
tangles at the reel if the twist builds up. Two swivels will be even more effective (see Paternoster rig below).
Begin with a #2 Baitholder hook and if there are bites and no hook ups,
then drop down in size to a #4. However if the majority of fish are
undersize, then move up in hook size. If you are targetting fish with smaller
mouths eg Whiting or Luderick then begin with a #4. If you are after
Garfish you will need #10 or #12 hooks in the tackle box.
Small sinkers allow better presentation of bait to wary fish, however
generally for beginners a heavier sinker will cause less problems.
Don't go so heavy though, that the tip of the rod is over loaded.
Smaller ball sinkers are handy to get a float weighted
Split shot are good for Garfish rigs.
line is recommended from about 6 -12lbs breaking
strain. This line will perform well on most fish in most
and also allowing many snags to be beaten. With a smooth drag setting
on the reel and a flexible rod tip this line will catch most
fish. Most importantly the simpler
will tie easily, so fixing rigs is easier and quicker. Later this
allows the kids to set up their own rigs which is much more
desirable. Avoid fancier highly flexible or braid lines
to begin with unless
you just love fancy knot tying.
Basic Rigs -
begin with these and explore the others as needed. If you are not sure how to tie a strong knot then check the Knots Information
Running Sinker -
Easily the most popular rig. An all purpose approach that can
catch nearly any type of fish, but does best with bottom feeding fish
such as Flathead or Bream. Change the hook or the sinker or lengths of
leaders for a wide range of similar set ups. The swivel is essential as it will
release twist. The sinker will allow the line to run through
fish moves the bait (and the line) and not immediately feel the sinker.
Least complicated and easiest rig for beginners to cast and
retrieve. (Black Bream
, Sea Bream
, Flat Head
The sinker is at the end of the rig and one or two leaders are attached
above it. Good for avoiding crabs around jetties that will
quickly pinch bait lying on the bottom. Allows two types of bait to be
tried on the two hooks to see which performs best. Nibbles or bites can be
seen/felt directly as the main line is set under tension. (Snapper
These are a little more trouble, but are worth it if you are after
rig needs a properly weighted
float. Set the flotation bulb of the float so it is just
submerged, and only the stick tip is out of the water and is vertical.
The float then operates as the most sensitive nibble detector.
a #4 or #6 short shank hook and one or two small split shot along the
leader to get the bait to the chosen depth (most important
if there is any current around). Luderick are noted fussy level
feeders, change the leader length to find the depth they are at.
Luderick have small mouths,
grow big and are real fighters. Best skinned and filleted.
rig is similar
use a cigar shaped float that lies horizontal on the water and is best
rigged with a #10 or #12 long shank hook.
They are surface
feeders and only a couple of small split shot on the leader are
required to assist with casting. As you gently retrieve the rig
the bait will tend to come to the surface behind the float. This
is ok and the gar's will love it. Small fish but beautiful
flavour, butterflied and shallow fried in bread crumbs!!!
The colours of the floats
here are just to highlight the differences, in reality they can be any
colour, even transparent, though red and white is traditionally